By combining electricity and Pd catalysis, the first example of an asymmetric allylic pyrdinylation reaction was reported with 4-CN-pyridne as the pyridine source. The Pd catalyst acts not only as the transition-metal catalyst but also as an electron-transfer catalyst.
Identifying energy transfer processes from macroscales down to microscales in collisionless plasmas is an indispensable step towards a complete understanding of various space and astrophysical systems. Here we demonstrate with observations that cross-scale wave-ion interactions are a candidate.
The many faces of endothelial cells in healthy and malignant breast tissue – from angiogenesis to immunoregulation and lipid processing
Although the current HB vaccine comprising small-HBs antigen (Ag) is potent and safe, attenuated prophylaxis against hepatitis B virus (HBV) with vaccine-escape mutations has been reported. We established an HB vaccine consisting of large-HBsAg that overcomes the drawbacks of the current HB vaccine.
Predicting the future of excitation energy transfer in light-harvesting complex with artificial intelligence-based quantum dynamics