Infographic: What are research data?

Research data are the files generated or analysed in your research, that are not your research manuscript. Here are some examples.
Published in Research Data
Like

Research data are the files that support your research project, study or publication such as spreadsheets, documents, images, videos or audio. Research data could include:

Category

Example file types

3D graphic

obj, stl, pl

Archived data

zip, rar, iso

Audio

mp3, wav, aif

Code

python, r, java

Documents

doc, pdf, odt

Geographical & map

keyhole, GIS, gif

Image

jpg, png, svg

Molecular

cif, pdb, xyz

Notebook

ipynb

Presentation

ppt, pptx, pptm

Spreadsheet

csv, xls, tsv

Text

txt, rtf, bib

Video

mp4, mov, avi

Visualisations

gephi, gexf

These are just some examples of the hundreds of different research data file types. Learn about the benefits of sharing research data.

Get your research data questions answered. If you have a question about research data, visit our Research Data Helpdesk for free, expert advice.

Please sign in or register for FREE

If you are a registered user on Research Communities by Springer Nature, please sign in