The interplay between solar winds and planetary magnetic fields is pivotal for the evolution of planetary atmospheres and their habitability. Here we focus on how solar wind interacts with Mars.
We address a fundamental question in imbalanced Alfvénic turbulence: the mechanism of energy transfer between scales. Our study, combining observations and simulations, reveals that coherent interactions between Alfvén waves and co-propagating anomalous fluctuations play a key role in this process.
The benefits of masting are well-documented, but the costs are underexplored. Here, we found that plant traits promoting long lifespan are associated with stronger masting, supporting the prediction that masting is more common in long-lived species where costs of skipped reproduction are reduced.
Warming-induced vapor pressure deficit suppression of vegetation growth diminished in northern peatlands
Growing vapor pressure deficit inhibits vegetation growth. Chen et al. reported that this inhibition diminished in northern peatlands, as plant growth was not constrained by water even in the presence of a warming-induced water pressure deficit.
We invite you to imagine a world over 400 million years ago, a time when Life on Earth was vastly different from what we know today. The Rhynie Chert, an iconic geological site in Scotland, offers a captivating glimpse into this distant past, holding secrets of an ancient terrestrial environment.
Microbial life in the deep subsurface redefines the limits of life in the face of energy limitation and heat stress. Who survives deep down, and how? A deep-drilling expedition to hydrothermal Guaymas Basin is exploring these questions from multiple angles.
Despite the rich coordination chemistry, hydroxylamines are rarely used as ligands for transition metal coordination compounds. Here we designed macrocyclic poly-N-hydroxylamines (crown-hydroxylamines) that form complexes containing a d-metal ion and coordinate by up to six hydroxylamine fragments.