Human-induced climate change affects the Earth’s atmosphere in many important and often surprising ways. In our paper, we look at water vapour changes in the stratosphere under global warming, which are still poorly understood.
Oxygen rich conditions on Earth required input of minerals from the land, challenging the idea that intelligent life could evolve on 'waterworld' planets.
Why does the amount of phytoplankton in the oceans vary so much from year-to-year? We thought it was because of the pulsation of the oceans due to climate modes. But this was forgetting that the ocean is a turbulent fluid.