Research Digest | March 2019

A summary of research published online across our journals this month
Published in Social Sciences

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This month we published three papers that highlight the benefits of diverse groups.

James Evans and colleagues from University of Chicago analyse millions of edits to Wikipedia and find that politically diverse editor teams produce articles of a higher quality than homogeneous teams. Read Eamon Duede's story behind the paper here. (Nature Human Behaviour)

Adrienne Grêt-Regamey and colleagues from ETH Zurich use an empirically-informed agent-based model to demonstrate that the diversity of actors enhances the resilience of social-environmental systems to global change. (Nature Sustainability)

Krister Andersson from University of Colorado Boulder and colleagues show that progressive gender quotas increase the equality and effectiveness of climate policy interventions. Read the story behind the paper here. (Nature Climate Change)

Other research published this month:

Freek van Ede and coauthors from University of Oxford show that focusing on a visual representation held in memory biases gaze towards its memorized location. Read the story behind the paper here. (Nature Human Behaviour)

John Holbein from Brigham Young University and collaborators show that insufficient sleep reduces prosocial behaviour. (Nature Human Behaviour)

Waitsang Keung and coauthors from University of Arizona show how distinct aspects of the pupil signal relate to suboptimalities in perceptual decision-making. (Nature Human Behaviour)

Alin Cowen from University of California, Berkeley, and coauthors show that speech prosody can communicate at least 12 emotions that are recognized across two different cultures. (Nature Human Behaviour)

David Lusseau and Francesca Mancini from University of Aberdeen apply a network approach to the Sustainable Development Goals to estimate the system of interactions between them. (Nature Sustainability)

J.D. Ford from University of Leeds and coauthors integrate Indigenous knowledge and climate data to model changing trail access for Canada’s Inuit communities over the past 30 years. Read the story behind the paper here. (Nature Climate Change)

J.R. Lamontagne from Tufts University and collaborators assess the relative importance of human–earth system uncertainties and policy variables in determining future climate and economic conditions. (Nature Climate Change)

Jeremy Firestone and Hannah Kirk from University of Delaware show that those who live near wind turbines strongly prefer them to coal or solar energy projects sited a similar distance away. Read the story behind the paper here. (Nature Energy)

Esmail Ansari from Clausthal University of Technology and Robert Kaufmann from Boston University study the effects of price volatility on active oil rigs. Read the story behind the paper here. (Nature Energy)

E. Spyrou from John Hopkins University and collaborators develop and implement a framework for power system planning in fragile and conflict-affected states. Read the story behind the paper here. (Nature Energy)

Václav Fanta and coauthors from Czech University of Life Sciences Prague analysed data on 1293 settlements founded in the course of nine centuries to show how extreme flood events shape subsequent behaviour. (Nature Communications)

Nicholas Christakis from Yale University and colleagues introduce a new game to model sharing, and test how players form sharing strategies depending on technological constraints. (Nature Communications)

Marion Rouault and colleagues from University College London find that people use local confidence to form global estimates of self-performance. Read the story behind the paper here. (Nature Communications)

Zhenglong Zhou and Chaz Firestone from John Hopkins University show that humans can anticipate which objects Convolutional Neural Networks will see in adversarial images. (Nature Communications)

Amar Dhand from Harvard Medical School and coauthors examine how stroke patients’ social network structure relates to hospital arrival time. (Nature Communications)

Dmitrii Bogdanov from Lappeenranta University of Technology and collaborators use a LUT Energy System Transition Model to demonstrate that a carbon neutral electricity system can be built in all regions of the world in an economically feasible manner. (Nature Communications)

Fang Zhang from Tufts University and colleagues combine expert elicitation and a system dynamic model and show that China is on track to peak its emissions well in advance of 2030. (Nature Communications)

Adam Lampert from Arizona State University shows that the transition to sustainable harvest after a period of over-harvesting leads to a decline in welfare, economic growth, and in the discount rate. (Nature Communications)

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