Education for a better future

An international, scientific and evidence-based assessment of the state of knowledge about education and learning⎮2 min read
Published in Neuroscience
Education for a better future
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Nature
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The International Science and Evidence-based Education Assessment - npj Science of Learning

Education is indispensable for the flourishing of people from all backgrounds and stages of life. However, given the accelerating demographic, environmental, economical, socio-political, and technological changes—and their associated risks and opportunities—there is increasing consensus that our current educational systems are falling short and that we need to repurpose education and rethink the organization of learning to meet the challenges of the 21st century. The United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) “Futures of Education” initiative was formally launched at the United Nations General Assembly in 2019 to provide such a vision of education for the future. The International Scientific and Evidence-based Education (ISEE) Assessment synthesizes knowledge streams generated by different communities and stakeholders at all levels and scales and will thereby essentially contribute to re-envisioning this future of education. The overall aim of the ISEE Assessment is to pool the expertise from a broad range of knowledge holders and stakeholders to undertake a scientifically robust and evidence-based assessment in an open and inclusive manner of our current educational systems and its necessary reforms. In this commentary, we discuss the aims and goals of the ISEE Assessment. We describe how the ISEE Assessment will address key questions on the purpose of education and what, how, where and when we learn, and evaluate the alignment of today’s education and theory of learning with the current and forthcoming needs and challenges and to inform policymaking for future education.

In the midst of a pandemic that is intensifying the inequality experienced by many people across the world, a worsening climate crisis, and a barrage of alternative news narratives, it seems more important than ever to rethink how education can prepare our children not only to cope with these challenges, but also to equip them to improve their own and their society’s flourishing. To develop the social-emotional, cognitive, communicative and reflective capabilities needed for a livable and peaceful future world. To acquire the skills to get around in the current information era, and to get acquainted with the different and the unknown without feeling threatened.

Approximately a year and a half ago, we embarked on an international, scientific and evidence-based assessment (ISEEA) of the state of knowledge about education and learning. We aspire to bring together different streams of knowledge that have not yet been synthesized: goals of education systems and their alignment with modern society’s needs, the sociopolitical as well as education-specific contexts in which education is embedded, and state-of-the-art insights into students’ learning experiences, drawn from the mind, brain and education fields of research.

The ISEEA was initiated by the UNESCO Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Education for Peace and Sustainable Development (MGIEP), and provides scientific and evidence-based support to UNESCO’s Futures of Education initiative. As can be observed in the ISEEA’s first research brief, human flourishing is a central concept, as increasing injustice in the world is threatening opportunities for people to develop optimally and live a complete human life.  

At the forefront of our endeavor is interdisciplinarity. This has been an inspiring, eye-opening experience. While many scientists agree that interdisciplinary work is key for advancement, it is easier said than done. It is as important that children get exposed to different ideas in school, as it is for adult experts to in science. But being exposed to different ideas is just a start, it does not automatically lead to synthesis. We need to know what to make of these different ideas. For this, we need to really listen and ask a lot of questions. Do the same terms mean the same thing in different fields? What assumptions are being made?

In other words, in an interdisciplinary team, every member is also a teacher and a learner, and everyone needs to be open to learn. We need to harness the communication and reflective skills we want our future generations to master.

This exercise will produce a 26-chapter report, written by an interdisciplinary and international team of experts, which questions the central objective of education and learning, the role context plays in defining education and learning, and last but not least, the learning experience. A Summary for Decision Makers (SDM) will highlight the key findings, messages and recommendations emerging from this first-of-a-kind assessment. This healthy exchange and synthesis of ideas will go a long way towards building a culture of interdisciplinary science and evidence-based education policymaking.

Last but not least, we hope to identify gaps in our knowledge and chart out key research areas worth exploring for interdisciplinary efforts in the future, as we plan, design and implement an education for the 21st Century.

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Neuroscience
Life Sciences > Biological Sciences > Neuroscience

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