Research Digest | June 2019

A summary of research published online across our journals this month.
Published in Social Sciences

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Oliver Robinson from University College London and colleagues find that anxious individuals are quicker to update their behaviour in response to negative outcomes. Read the story behind the paper here. (Nature Human Behaviour)

Antoine Mandel from the Paris School of Economics and coauthors provide a quantitative macro-economic assessment of the costs and benefits that would be associated with different climate club architectures. Read the story behind the paper here. (Nature Climate Change)

Matthew Curnock from James Cook University and colleagues compare tourist perceptions, and attitudes toward climate change before and after mass coral bleaching to the Great Barrier Reef. Read the story behind the paper here. (Nature Climate Change)

Maurizio Porfiri from New York University and coauthors identify a correlation between the occurrence of a mass shooting and the rate of growth in firearm acquisition, with media coverage of firearm control as a potential causal link. Read the story behind the paper here. (Nature Human Behaviour)

Philipp Schmid and Cornelia Betsch from University of Erfurt show that countering science denialism as it happens using topic and technique rebuttal reduces the influence of science deniers on audiences. Read the story behind the paper here. (Nature Human Behaviour)

Katherine Mach from Stanford and collaborators assess the current understanding of the relationship between climate and conflict based on structured expert judgments. (Nature)

Duncan Watts from Microsoft Research and coauthors apply machine learning prediction models to nearly two million US Department of State cables from the 1970s and find that historical significance is extremely difficult to predict. (Nature Human Behaviour)

David Ziegler from University of California San Francisco and collaborators show that healthy young adults who used a meditation-inspired closed-loop app for 6 weeks experienced gains in sustained attention and working memory. (Nature Human Behaviour)

Oliver Williams and colleagues from Queen Mary University London study the temporal profiles of activity of actors and actresses and find that the dynamics of job assignment is well described by a “rich-get-richer” mechanism. (Nature Communications)

Shu-Guang Kuai and coauthors from East China Normal University describe a social interaction field model that accurately predicts participants’ perceptual judgments of social grouping in real social scenes. (Nature Human Behaviour)

Philippe Schyns and colleagues from University of Glasgow model the three-dimensional representational contents of familiar faces and test the validity of the modelled contents in everyday face tasks. (Nature Human Behaviour)

Brian Uzzi from Northwestern University and coauthors use instant messaging data and performance records from day traders to study how changes in affective relationships relate to job performance. (Nature Communications)

Bas van Ruijven from IIASA and coauthors find that across 210 scenarios, moderate warming increases global climate-exposed energy demand before adaptation by 25–58% between 2010 and 2050. (Nature Communications)

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