Research Digest | November 2018

A summary of research published online across our journals this month.
Published in Social Sciences

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A Focus Issue in Nature Sustainability on environmental policy in Brazil includes three new research articles. 

Jon Strand from the World Bank, Britaldo Soares-Filho from Federal University of Minas Gerais, and their coauthors spatially map the economic value of a range of ecosystem services provided by the Brazilian Amazon.

João Campos-Silva from Universidade Federal de Alagoas and collaborators conduct an ecological evaluation of a community-based conservation management initiative in the Amazon over the last 40 years.

Flavio Freitas from KTH Royal Institute of Technology and coauthors find that a provision in the Forest Act in Brazil could legalize deforestation of an additional 6.5–15 million hectares of previously protected private land.

Nature Energy published two papers from ETH Zurich on energy finance.

Florian Egli and colleagues find that changing financing costs are responsible for a significant decrease in the cost of renewable energy. Read the story behind the paper here

Bjarne Steffen and Tobias Schmidt provide a new comprehensive database of power-generation financing by ten multilateral development banks from 2006-2015. Read the story behind the paper here

Other research published this month:

Simon Dietz from the London School of Economics and Political Science and coauthors assess corporate climate action for 138 companies from high-emitting sectors. Read Bruno Rauis and Will Irwin's story behind the paper here. (Nature Climate Change)

John Lynch and colleagues from University of Adelaide and Bristol Medical School conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of effects of early life non-cognitive skills on academic, psycho-social, cognitive and health outcomes. (Nature Human Behaviour)

Christian Bentz from University of Tübingen and coauthors find that environment influences the evolution of language families beyond neutral drift. (Nature Human Behaviour)

Danielle Bassett and colleagues from University of Pennsylvania show that learners capitalize on higher-order topological properties when they learn a probabilistic motor sequence. (Nature Human Behaviour)

Charley Wu from the Max Planck Institute and collaborators demonstrate how a combination of generalization and optimistic sampling guides efficient human exploration in complex environments. (Nature Human Behaviour).

Julie Lundquist from University of Colorado Boulder and collaborators quantify the costs and consequences of wind turbine wake effects. Read Daniel Kaffine's story behind the paper here. (Nature Energy)

Verena Tiefenbeck from ETH Zurich and collaborators find that real-time feedback on energy consumption while showering led to an 11.4% reduction in energy use in a random sample of hotel guests. Read the story behind the paper here. (Nature Energy)

Yueming Qiu from University of Maryland and Matthew Kahn from University of Southern California use high frequency data to assess the electricity savings from green-certified buildings. (Nature Sustainability)

Read Montague from the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute and colleagues show that early childhood educational interventions can impact social decision-making decades later. Read the story behind the paper here. (Nature Communications)

Filippo Menczer and colleagues from Indiana University find that bots play a major role in the spread of low-credibility content on Twitter. (Nature Communications)

David Tickler from University of Western Australia and coauthors use a country-level metric of slavery to determine the risk of fisheries-level slavery across 20 countries. (Nature Communications)

Erin Braun from Columbia University and coauthors show that reward retroactively prioritizes memory for proximal, neutral events that precede the reward. (Nature Communications)

Jean Liénard from Oregon Health & Science University and colleagues analyze approximately 20K mentor/trainee relationships, and find that researchers are more likely to succeed if they trained under mentors with disparate expertise and integrated that expertise into their own work. (Nature Communications)

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